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举例讲解雅思听力多选题的解题小技巧!

2018/06/2910:20来源:互联网  

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  举例讲解雅思听力多选题的解题小技巧!雅思听力考试的多项选择题是有一定难度的,一般是5选2或准则7选3,很多考生会因为这些题失分,今天新航道小编通过一道official material里面的7选3的多项选择题来给各位考生详细解答该类题型的答题技巧。

  Questions 21-23

  Choose THREE letters, A-G.Which THREE factors does Marco’s tutor advise him to consider when selecting a course?

  A. possibility of specialization

  B. relevance to future career

  C. personal interest

  D. organization of course

  E. assessment methods

  F. range of topics

  G. reputation of lecturer

  1. 读题干

  题干的重点通常在于:特殊名词(人名、地名、年份等大写和数字)和一些特殊情况。所以考题的重点人物是Marco’s tutor, 通过人物定位得出:该题的引导者(也就是我们所谓的信号词)大致出自Marco, 而该题的答案大概出自他的tutor。

  信号词:特殊情境

  该题的特殊情境是:select a course(答案信号词)。

  Summary(总结):通过题干的重点提炼,可以得出对话双方谁是答案引导者,谁是答案叙述者。直接可以引导出答案的信号词。

  2. 选项分析

  雅思听力选择题答案大致可分为三类:

  (1). 被直接或间接地支持(Directly or indirectly supported)

  (2). 直接或间接地矛盾(Directly or indirectly contradicted)

  (3). 并未提及(Not mentioned)

  而在多项选择题目中,尤其是7选3的题目,大多数情况是3个直接或者间接支持(肯定),3个直接或者间接矛盾(否定),1个选项是没有提及的。所以各位考生的第二步骤是选项的阅读和关键词的提炼。

  A选项关键词:specialization(因为possibility只是修饰specialization)

  B选项关键词:career(future只是修饰词,修饰career)

  C选项关键词:interest(personal是interest的修饰词)

  D选项关键词:organization

  E选项关键词:assessment

  F选项关键词:range

  G选项关键词:reputation

  Summary(总结):通过选项阅读划出1-2个关键词。关键词通常是该句子或者短语的核心词汇或者话题词汇。关键词通常是我们常见的可做paraphrase(同义替换)的词汇。

  3. 原文录音定位比对

  答案引导定位:各位考生可以看到,通过信号词select course可以定位出该多项选择题的答案在这里即将出现。

  T: Hi Marco, come in.

  M: Thanks. I’ve got a bit stuck trying to select courses for next semester. Could you help me, please?

  选项确定。

  T: Of course. Sit down. First of all, most people just go for the areas of business that they’re interested in, but-even if something doesn’t look very stimulating-it’s important that you can use it once you get a job. It’s not much good choosing areas that aren’t going to be helpful later on.

  选项C和B定位,关键词interest和job(career同义替换),转折词but肯定后面部分否定前面部分,所以选择B排除C。

  M: Right. I want to go into management, so I’ll need to think about that. And should I start specializing in a particular area yet?

  T: I don’t think that’s wise, at this stage. It’s better to aim for a wide variety of subjects, especially as management covers so many possibilities. You shouldn’t be limiting your choices for later on.

  选项A和F定位,信号词specialising(specialization同义词)和wide variety of subjects(range同义替换),否定词don’t否定specialization, 建议类词汇’d better肯定range of subjects, 所以选择F排除A。

  M: Yes I see.

  T: You should also look at how the course is made up-will you have regular seminars and tutorials, for example, as well as lectures?

  M: OK. Some of the lecturers are quite big names in their fields, aren’t they? Should I aim to go to their courses?

  T: Well remember that the lecturers who aren’t well-known may still be very good teachers! I’d say we have a consistently high standard of teaching in this department, so you don’t need to worry about it.

  选项D和G定位,信号词made up(organization同义替换),big names(reputation同义替换),建议性的短语you should also肯定made up(既organization),否定词aren’t well-known否定reputation, 所以选择D排除G。

  选项E关于assessment(考评)并未提及。

  4. 排除干扰项,同义替换

  通常在多项选择题里面,肯定(支持)和否定(矛盾)选项都是成组出现的。正确选项会出现肯定类的词汇,干扰选项会出现否定词或者后面紧接转折词,同义转换词多数时候是正确选项的暗示,而原词出现多数是陷阱。各位考生需要多累积常用词汇的同义转换单词。

  5. 得出正确选项

  以这个example的正确答案是B, D, F。

  值得考生们注意的是,在多项选择题里面,所有的选项都是需要看的,不要认为这个是正确的选项而忽视了其他的选项,因为通常只会有0-1个选项完全不会提及,如果想要肯定正确性,应该同时确定排除的选项都是被录音否定过的。

  在雅思听力考试中考生需要注意以下几点:

  提前读题非常重要,就要寻找题干信号词和选项的关键词,并且划出所有关键单词,以便知道应该留意的字和句;

  随时准备答题,有时候题目的答案会在很早的时候,甚至是第一句就出现第一次的肯定

  词汇的累积非常重要,尤其一些常用词汇以及它们的同义替换;

  注意陷阱选项:转折词、否定词等等;

  检查一次答案,并且猜测所有听不到或听不懂的答案,千万不要留空。

  最后小编预祝大家可以考取优异的成绩,早日拿到理想的offer。

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